National Shelley China Club

In a committee of MPs was set up to revue evidence regarding the pirating of designs in British industry. Seven years later in the need for copyright of design was recognised and an act was passed in Parliament to give the manufacturers legal protection for their designs. Over eight thousand designs were registered in the first year — Once recoginsed as a viable safeguard for design ideas the system steadily grew and by registrations had gone well over sixteen thousand. This in itself caused problems as the system was somewhat complex so the implementation of a simpler version was introduced. The initial procedure involved allocating numbers and letters to each design but this became harder to keep track of, so on 1st January the diamond registration mark was dropped and a new system was introduced, this scheme still exists today in the same form. I have included a chart to show how the Material, Year, Month, Day and Bundle are worked out and once examined it really is self explanatory. Moving clockwise we have the number 26, this is the day of the month, then, the number 7 — this is the bundle or batch number. Next is the letter W, if you look at the chart figure 2 you can see that this is for the month of March. So the date of registration for this item is 26th March

Royal Worcester factory marks

This story covers the production of the ‘Made in England’ backstamp mosaic in the Potteries Museum and the information which can be found from such backstamps. Item details…. The mosaic was made by Emma Biggs as a homage to the ceramic history of ‘The Potteries’ and was installed in April

A diamond shaped registration mark, when present, tells the date the pattern was registered. The diamond shape mark molded into the item testify the registration.

Diamond shaped pottery marks, printed or impressed on the base, are official marks of the Patent Office Registry of Designs, set up in to protect manufacturers from plagiarism and piracy. In the positions of the code letters and numbers were changed, but the registration mark continued until December , when it was replaced by a serial number. Pottery Marks — Date Letters. I have plates with the class of clay and the date of September I have a teapot with some tree branches with pink flowers and two possibly blue birds and other side smaller tree branch with a couple pink flowers and a blue butterfly getting ready to land on flower.

Or just kind of crack lines with faded brownish circle around it. Could be wrong tho.

British Registered Design lozenges

I have a silver and marcasite bracelet from around the s. An item with a registry mark or number could have been produced before less likely as the design would not be protected , or after the date of the registry mark. Knowing which color gemstones were predominant at certain times in history goes a long way in helping to date a piece of jewelry. Good sources for this information can be found at: and the The photo shown here is a sterling silver filigree camphor glass necklace.

It is a beautiful piece, just wondering what the marks on the back are for. What we hope to provide here is a concise and accurate summary of the codes and dates.

The year code also changed at this time. In determining the registration date for a particular item, the day will be stamped as an Arabic number, the month code.

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Brown & Michaels

Registered Designs are for the eye appeal of an object. They are applied for at The Intellectual Property Office. There is a part manuscript part print volume, which contains in date order information on non-ornamental designs. These were minor inventions and had registered numbers which were usually found on the artefacts.

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A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal , mostly to certify the content of noble metals —such as platinum , gold , silver and in some nations, palladium. In a more general sense, the term hallmark can also be used to refer to any distinguishing characteristic. Historically, hallmarks were applied by a trusted party: the “guardians of the craft ” or, more recently, by an assay office.

Hallmarks are a guarantee of certain purity or fineness of the metal, as determined by official metal assay testing. Hallmarks are often confused with “trademarks” or “maker’s marks”. A hallmark is not the mark of a manufacturer to distinguish his products from other manufacturers’ products: that is the function of trademarks or makers’ marks. To be a true hallmark, it must be the guarantee of an independent body or authority that the contents are as marked.

Thus, a stamp of “” by itself is not, strictly speaking, a hallmark, but is rather an unattested fineness mark. Many nations require, as a prerequisite to official hallmarking, that the maker or sponsor itself marks upon the item a responsibility mark and a claim of fineness. Responsibility marks are also required in the US if metal fineness is claimed, even though there is no official hallmarking scheme there. Nevertheless, in nations with an official hallmarking scheme, the hallmark is only applied after the item has been assayed to determine that its purity conforms not only to the standards set down by the law but also with the maker’s claims as to metal content.

In England, the year of marking commences on 19 May, the feast day of Saint Dunstan , patron saint of gold- and silversmiths. In other nations, such as Poland, the hallmark is a single mark indicating metal and fineness, augmented by a responsibility mark known as a sponsor’s mark in the UK.


Over the years factory marking of pieces has evolved and although marks vary from impressed and hand written to printed emblems, the majority of bone china produced was marked in the way described below. The standard printed factory mark, included the number 51 in the centre that refers to the year when the Worcester Porcelain Company was founded by Dr John Wall. The mark can appear in any colour, and on a variety of materials.

Between and specific indications of the year of manufacture are rare but may sometimes be found in the form of the last two figures of the date, eg 75 for , printed below the standard mark. From a letter system was also used to indicate the year of manufacture.

Examples of decoding Belleek Registration Diamonds Seeing all those registration numbers that companies, including Belleek, had obtained, started me , , 5th, September, A. Plate, Echinus Plate, 6, Original date 1st sept​, no.

See also the definitions page in this guide for additional information on hallmark components. Note at centre of the image at right the four elements of the hallmark. Detailed image of hallmark far right. Locate the assay office. If your item does not have one of the standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or is from another county.

Go no further. The date letter shows the year that assaying was carried out. The date letter example above represents Prior to the date letter varied for every office. After that it became uniform for every city.

Brand Search

Dating English Registry Marks. Starting in , England has offered registration of it’s decorative designs for pottery, china, wood, paper, pottery, china, porcelain, glass and more. By using the information below you can find the date a design was registered. Not every piece registered was marked. Remember this date is just when the design was registered. An item with a registry mark or number could have been produced before less likely as the design would not be protected , or after the date of the registry mark.

Purchase Tax. Islamic Calendar References Dating of American Patent Numbers. Diamond Registration Marks (Lozenge Marks). The Copyright of Design Act.

Wileman , and a variety of backstamps were used over the years. In Wileman began earthenware production in a new earthenware works. Wares produced in the new works were labelled with unique backstamps. Beginning in , the Shelley backstamp replaced Wileman and Co. Backstamps are often the first thing a collector looks for. Although a backstamp may be an indicator of authenticity, the backstamp alone is insufficient to guarantee genuineness.

Counterfeit backstamps have been applied to ordinary pottery, and in some cases transfers have been applied to bona fide Shelley whiteware. To complicate matters, some genuine Shelley pieces have no backstamp at all, for example salt and pepper shakers. Special thanks are owing to Mr. Bruce Sandie and the Australasian club for their generous assistance in providing research and artwork necessary to the creation of this page. The UK Club has an extensive discussion of backstamps which they have shared with us.

Dating diamond registration marks

The Registered Designs of Belleek Pottery. Examples of decoding Belleek Registration Diamonds. The Belleek Registration of Design from Brian Russell,.

A hallmark is an official mark or series of marks struck on items made of metal, mostly to certify A series or system of five marks has been found on Byzantine silver dating a diamond shape and for silver a mark in the shape of the Latin letter “M”. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

We can either copy our records onto paper or deliver them to you digitally. Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free. Consider paying for research. We hold copies of these designs in the form of drawings, paintings, photographs and product samples, sent to the Designs Registry, part of the Board of Trade, to be registered for copyright protection between and As registration was not compulsory, there are many commercially produced designs which you will not find in our records.

For advice on modern-day registrations contact the Intellectual Property Office. Until there had been copyright protection in the UK for some textiles, but most areas of the decorative arts, such as glass, metalwork, ceramics and wallpapers, had no copyright protection at all. From , to apply for copyright protection you had to submit your design to the newly created Designs Registry, part of the Board of Trade and later to fall under the jurisdiction of the Patent Office.

Registration protected the decorative elements of the design from being copied and manufactured without permission. Today designs are registered with the Intellectual Property Office.

What are registered designs?

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DATING ENGLISH POTTERY & CERAMICS. The diamond-shaped English Registry mark, was used by the English patent office from to to identify​.

There are features that distinguish one type of lead-glaze majolica from another to a great or lesser degree which we mention as we go along. The main types are English majolica, which we will cover in more detail including sections on English Style, Makers and Marks; Continental majolica; Palissy majolica; American majolica; and Green.

They were commercially inexpensive to produce as many colours could be applied to the biscuit, then fired just once, ideally without running into each other though this was not always possible. The process of applying coloured lead glazes to the biscuit , then firing, is known as ‘majolica glazing’. Green glazed leaf plates rely on the ‘intaglio’ effect where glaze accumulates in the depressions of the mold as a stronger color.

The new majolica was simultaneously boldly decorative and useful. It became hugely popular with the rapidly emerging merchant classes of Victorian England. Some established households also approved, including Royalty. Within a few years many pottery firms had moved into lead-glazed majolica. New contenders strove to establish their own businesses, George Jones being one of the latecomers, to some collectors the finest of them all.

Lead-glazed majolica enjoyed a heyday. But by the ‘s in England the passion was fading. By majolica manufacture in England was at a low ebb, many artisans emigrating to the US where interest in majolica was alive and well. Within ten years the lead-glazed product was pre-eminent, copied by potteries world-wide, mass-produced and in many styles, formal or informal, classical or naturalistic.

‘Made in England’ – what you can learn from a pottery backstamp

The answer, of course, is “yes, but It’s a good idea for you to do a search before you adopt a mark. Chances are, your first choice or two will be taken, so a little investment in your time now will save you a lot of time and money later on. There’s no point in paying us to file an application to register a trademark if it’s already registered and you could have found it in a few minutes work, and if you can knock out all the “easy” ones, you will get much more value from a professional search later on.

There’s more than a little art to searching, not to mention years of experience, so don’t feel too bad at missing something a professional might find.

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Factory Marks. I began. Its decorative quality and naive charm are admired by all. Many of the designs and colours. Imperfections such as paint runs,handles askew, all add to. The vast array of patterns and shapes never fail to excite the imagination,. All producing Ironstone-type wares in competition with Mason’s and in some. New marks on retailers, colleges, regiments and armorial are constantly. Ceramic ware produced between and bore a diamond-shaped registry mark.

The date recorded indicated when the design was introduced but not necessarily when.

Q&A with Paul Sellers Episode 9

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